I had two vector’s with the first being the keys and the second being the values. It took a couple tries before I got the STL working for me! The first thing was to check if the std::map constructors had something useful. It certainly seems like taking two sets of iterators would be a great way to initialize a map. No such luck. So how about one of the std algorithms to copy the keys and values into the map? std::copy seemed likely but it only takes a single sequence. A little more digging and std::transform. The second version of std::transform takes two sequences, an output iterator, and a binary function to convert the two values from the two sequences into something that can be inserted into the output iterator. Perfect. So how to turn the two values into a pair suitable for std::map? The std::make_pair is exactly what is needed. The hard part is getting the syntax so you can pass it as a function: make_pair in this example. Hi, i have exactly the same situation and did almost exactly the same way as you, but it does’nt work in MS Visual Studio 2010 :(, later tried your way by creating the vector of values, but got the same result. I will show as i have done (headers are exactly the same): std::vector v, std::multimap mm, std::transform (v.begin (), v.end (), std::inserter(mm, mm.begin ()), std::bind2nd (std::make_pair, 0)), Source.