To simply translate a raster map (without stretching or rotation), the r.region command can be used. A GRASS location is referenced with a single projection and coordinate system (or unreferenced as XY location). When creating a new location from an existing raster or vector map using the tools available from the startup screen or the map import commands, projection and coordinate system are defined. To change the projection of maps, a new location has to be created and the desired maps have to be reprojected into it from the source location as explained below. To transform an unprojected map from a XY location into a projected location (or another XY location), a forward transformation is performed. The unreferenced map is geocoded within the XY location by defining four corner points or by seeking several ground control points ( To transform an unprojected map (e.g. CAD map) into projected coordinates, a forward transformation is performed. The unreferenced map is imported into the location with projection and geocoded within this location by defining four corner points or by seeking several ground control points. These points are stored into an ASCII file and then transformed within the same location ( Source.