This is A. J. Johnson’s fine 1861 map of the world on Mercator’s Projection. Depicts the entire world centered on the Americas. Offering a fascinating snapshot of the world during a period of rapid globalization and discovery, this map depicts the entire world centered on the Americas. Africa is largely ‘unexplored’ and both Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyika have yet to appear. The Antarctic continent is shown only embryonically, representing the relatively primitive state of Antarctic exploration in 1861. The routes taken by various important explorers, including Cook, Wilkes (U.S. exploring expedition) and others. Also identifies important shipping and nautical routes between America and europe as well as the path of the Atlantic Telegraph Cable. Features the strapwork style border common to Johnson’s atlas work from 1860 to 1863. Prepared by A. J. Johnson and Ward for publication as plates no. 6 and 7 in the 1861 edition of the Alvin Jewett Johnson (September 23, 1827 – April 22, 1884) was a prolific American map publisher active from 1856 to the mid-1880s. Johnson was born into a poor family in Wallingford, Vermont where he received only a based public education. He is known to have worked as school teacher for several years before moving to Richmond, Virginia. Johnson got his first taste of the map business and a salesman and book canvasser for J. H. Colton and company. The earliest Johnson maps were published with D. Griffing Johnson (no clear relation) and date to the mid-1850s, however it was not until 1860 that the Johnson firm published its first significant work, the followed a somewhat mysterious 1859 deal with the well-established but financially strapped J. H. Colton cartographic publishing firm. Although map historian Water Ristow speculates that Colton sold his copyrights to Johnson and his business partner, another Vermonter named Ross C. Browning (1832 – 1899), a more likely theory is that Johnson and Browning financially supported the Colton firm in exchange for the right to use Colton’s existing copyrighted map plates. Regardless of which scenario actually occurred it is indisputable that the first Johnson atlas maps were mostly reissues of earlier Colton maps. Early on Johnson described his firm as the ‘Successors to J. H. Colton and Company’. Johnson’s business strategy involved transferring the original Colton steel plate engravings to cheaper lithographic stones, allowing his firm to produce more maps at a lower price point. In 1861, following the outbreak of the American Civil War the Johnson and Browning firm moved their office from Richmond, Virginia to New York City. Johnson and Browning published two editions of the Johnson Atlas in 1860 and 1861. Sometime in 1861 Browning’s portion of the firm was purchased by Benjamin P. Ward, whose name subsequently replaced Browning’s on the imprint. The 1863 issue of the was one of the most unusual, it being a compilation of older Johnson and Browning maps, updated 1862 Johnson and Ward map issues, and newer 1863 maps with a revised border design. The 1864 issue of the is the first true Johnson and Ward atlas. Johnson published one more edition of the atlas in partnership with Ward in 1865, after which Johnson seems to have bought out Ward’s share the firm. The next issue of the Atlas, 1866, is the first purely ‘Johnson’ atlas with all new map plates, updated imprints, and copyrights. The went through roughly 27 years of publication, from 1860 to 1887, outliving Johnson himself who died in 1884. Johnson maps from the are notable for their unique borders, of which there are four different designs, the ‘strapwork borer’ from 1860 to 1863, the ‘fretwork border’ from 1863 to 1869 and the ‘spirograph border’ in 1870 – 1882, and a more elaborate version of the same from 1880-1887. In addition to the . Johnson maps are known for their size, accuracy, detail, and stunning, vivid hand coloring. Johnson maps, purely American in their style and execution, chronicle some of the most important and periods in American history including the Civil War, the Westward Expansion, and the Indian Wars. Today Johnson’s maps, especially those of the American west, are highly sought after by map collectors and historians. We are specialist dealers in fine and rare antiquarian cartography and historic maps of the 15th through 19th centuries. A large portion of our constantly growing and changing inventory of authentic antique maps is available here in our online gallery for your study and enjoyment. Here at Geographicus Rare Antique Maps we are passionate collectors and students of historic maps as well as dealers. As you browse our online gallery of rare maps you will enjoy some of the highest resolution images and most thoroughly researched studies of our individual offerings available anywhere. We are pleased to share our knowledge and experience with interested individuals and institutions. Source.