Oakland + Berkeley, California, US, vector map Adobe PDF editable City Plan V5-2016.08, full vector, scalable, printable, text format street names, 18 mb ZIP
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Oakland is a major West Coast port city in the U.S. state of California. Oakland is the third largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area, the eighth-largest city in
California, and the 45th-largest city in the U.S., with a population of 413,775 as of 2014. It serves as a trade center for the San Francisco Bay Area; its Port of
Oakland is the busiest port for San Francisco Bay, all of Northern California, and fifth busiest in the United States. Incorporated in 1852, Oakland is the county seat
of Alameda County. It is also the principal city of the Bay Area Region known as the East Bay. The city is situated directly across the bay, six miles (9.7 km) east of
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Oakland's territory covers what was once a mosaic of California coastal terrace prairie, oak woodland, and north coastal scrub. Its land served as a rich resource when
its hillside oak and redwood timber were logged to build San Francisco, and Oakland's fertile flatland soils helped it become a prolific agricultural region. In the
late 1860s, Oakland was selected as the western terminal of the Transcontinental Railroad. Following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, many San Franciscans relocated to Oakland, enlarging the city's population, increasing its housing stock and improving its infrastructure. It continued to grow in the 20th century with its busy port,
shipyards, and a thriving automobile manufacturing industry.
Oakland is known for its sustainability practices, including a top ranking for usage of electricity from renewable resources. Oakland is also known for its history of
political activism, as well as its professional sports franchises and major corporations, which include health care, dot-com companies and manufacturers of household
products. In addition, due to a steady influx of immigrants during the 20th century, along with thousands of African-American war-industry workers who relocated from
the Deep South during the 1940s, Oakland is one of the most ethnically diverse major cities in the country.
• Total 78.002 sq mi (202.024 km2)
• Land 55.786 sq mi (144.485 km2)
• Water 22.216 sq mi (57.54 km2) 28.48%
Elevation 43 ft (13 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)
• Total 390,724
• Estimate (January 1, 2016) 422,856
• Rank 1st in Alameda County
8th in California
45th in the United States
• Density 7,417/sq mi (2,864/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)
• Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 94601–94615, 94617–94624, 94649, 94659–94662, 94666
Area code 510
Oakland is on the east side of San Francisco Bay. In 1991 the City Hall tower was at 37.805302°N 122.272539°W
(NAD83). (The building still exists, but like the rest of the Bay Area it has shifted northwest perhaps 0.6 meters in the last twenty years.)
The United States Census Bureau says the city's total area is 78.0 square miles (202 km2), including 55.8 square miles (145 km2) of land and 22.2 square miles (57 km2)
(28.48 percent) of water.
Oakland's highest point is near Grizzly Peak Blvd, east of Berkeley, just over 1,760 feet (540 m) above sea level at about 37.8786°N 122.2241°W
Oakland has 19 miles (31 km) of shoreline, but Radio Beach is the only beach in Oakland.
Oaklanders refer to their city's terrain as "the flatlands" and "the hills". Until recent waves of gentrification, these terms also symbolized Oakland's deep economic
divide, with "the hills" being more affluent communities. About two-thirds of Oakland lies in the flat plain of the East Bay, with one-third rising into the foothills
and hills of the East Bay range.
Ruptures along the nearby San Andreas fault caused severe earth movement in the San Francisco Bay Area in 1906 and 1989. San Andreas quakes induces creep (movement
occurring on earthquake faults) in the Hayward fault, which runs directly through Oakland, Berkeley, San Jose and other Bay Area cities.
Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, California. It is named after the 18th-century Anglo-Irish bishop and philosopher
George Berkeley. It borders the cities of Oakland and Emeryville to the south and the city of Albany and unincorporated community of Kensington to the north. Its
eastern border with Contra Costa County generally follows the ridge of the Berkeley Hills. The 2010 census recorded a population of 112,580.
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Berkeley is home to the oldest campus in the University of California system, the University of California, Berkeley and of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory,
which is managed and operated by the university. It also has the Graduate Theological Union, one of the largest religious studies institutions in the world. It is one
of the most politically liberal cities in the United States.
• Total 17.696 sq mi (45.833 km2)
• Land 10.470 sq mi (27.118 km2)
• Water 7.226 sq mi (18.716 km2) 40.83%
Elevation 171 ft (52 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)
• Total 112,580
• Estimate (2014) 118,853
4th in Alameda County
51st in California
• Density 11,351/sq mi (4,383/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC−8)
• Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 94701–94710, 94712, 94720
Area code 510
Berkeley is located at 37°52′18″N 122°16′29″W
According to the United States Census Bureau the city's 17.7 square miles (46 km2) area includes 10.5 square miles (27 km2) of land and 7.2 square miles (19 km2)
(40.83%) water, most of it part of San Francisco Bay.
Berkeley borders the cities of Albany, Oakland, and Emeryville and Contra Costa County, including unincorporated Kensington, as well as San Francisco Bay.
Berkeley lies within telephone area code 510 (until September 2, 1991, was part of the 415 telephone code that now covers only San Francisco and Marin
counties), and the postal ZIP codes are 94701 through 94710, 94712, and 94720 for the University of California campus.
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I'm going to come right out and say this:
You should probably just use Mapbox.
How I came to that conclusion is a bit of a longer story.
As a cartographer, I am an unabashed fan of Mapbox. I've been using Tilemill for years, and I love the fully-realized design of the Mapbox Streets basemaps. Even before Google Maps brought the paywall hammer down I was already migrating my clients' projects to the open-source ecosystem based out of a D.C. garage. Controlling so much of the stack in an open-source environment meant less risk to my clients, and in most cases it came out a lot cheaper. The choice was pretty easy, actually.
An open-source stack doesn't mean a free stack, and Mapbox's map tile charges can rack up quickly if you're not paying attention. Exhibit A: I offered Brandon Martin-Anderson one of my Mapbox tilesets to use as a reference for his Census Dotmap. Several viral weeks later I was looking at overages the size of my annual budget.
I would make and serve my own damn basemap. How hard could it be?
- Openstreetmap Data
- OSM-Bright Template
- A big ol' S3 bucket on Amazon Web Services
I started with the open-source Tilemill template OSM-Bright, noting that there are some good examples of it in use out there. I grabbed the current OSM data, piped it into my local PostGIS database (note the hazards of adding many extracts) and spent some time turning it into "Geosprocket-Bright" in Tilemill:
Next came the heavy lifting. I exported a slew of regions to .mbtiles format; I would have loved to build a map of the entire world down to street zoom level, but I thought I'd start more realistically with a global map down to zoom level 9, then a handful of cities down to zoom level 17. I planned to put them on an Amazon S3 instance and tap them directly from the client library, doing an end-run around Mapbox hosting. Sounds pretty smooth, right?
Let's keep track of the time investment, shall we?
- 4 hours to export everything from Tilemill
- 6 hours to chop the .mbtiles into 1.6 million PNGs
- 3 hours to consolidate them all into a single directory structure (because I was too dumb to do that in the last step)
- 56 hours to push the tiles to an S3 bucket on a 20mbps connection
Obviously these are CPU hours, not billable hours - but it was still more than two days between when my map style was ready and when I could actually hook the map up to a browser.
This is a narrow case where I needed to roll my own tiles and serve them. My map included texture and custom fonts, which is beyond the reach of Mapbox Streets. The total filesize of my exports - even as .mbtiles - was 15GB; that translates to the Premium Mapbox hosting plan, and a whopping $6,000 flat fee per year. That's for five cities - the tiniest fraction of a world of tiles. It's not quite Google Maps Enterprise money, but damn. By contrast, it cost me nine bucks to get all of my map tiles into an S3 bucket, where I'll get billed something like half a cent per 1,000 map views.
But this process will be moot pretty soon anyway; the promise of Tilemill 2 is that you only need to bring your cartography to the table - Mapbox will do the rest of the work to get your style to the browser with vector tiles. They've only done this for a few testers while they're hashing out the details, but odds are there will be a public version in the first half of 2014.
In keeping with other examples of open-source underpinning software-as-a-service, Mapbox has a sound business model. Despite the huge amount of intellectual capital they've open-sourced, it is still easier and - when time spent is considered - VASTLY cheaper to just use their hosted map services. I suspect they've been totally aware of this even as they release service-liberating tools like Tilemill, OSM-Bright and mbutil. The scale and efficiency of Mapbox make their hosted maps too good to avoid.
I hope my experience here has been instructive to others.
I did get a map out of my experiment, and it's free to use. If you happen to be mapping in Warsaw, Sochi, Santo Domingo, LA or the Bay Area, I hope it proves useful. Just use this XYZ tile scheme in your client implementation: