Relief map Spain printable vector, fully editable, Corel Draw, Royalty free

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Spain relief vector map in Corel Draw (CDR). Europe

Archive size: 3 Mb, zipped .CDR
DPI: 300
This vector maps of Spain is created using 2015 data.
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Relief vector map of Spain (Europe). Cities and counties near

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Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Alicante, Sevilla, Málaga, Murcia, Cádiz, Biscay, La Coruña, Balearic Islands, Las Palmas, Asturias, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Zaragoza, Pontevedra, Granada, Tarragona, Córdoba, Girona, Gipuzkoa, Toledo, Almería, Badajoz, Jaén, Navarre, Castellón, Cantabria, Valladolid, Ciudad Real, Huelva, León, Lleida, Cáceres, Albacete, Burgos, Lugo, Salamanca, Ourense, La Rioja, Álava, Guadalajara, Huesca, Cuenca, Zamora, Palencia, Ávila, Segovia, Teruel, Soria, Ceuta, Melilla, Spain.

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Spain, Spanish: España, officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España), is a sovereign state largely located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, with two large archipelagos, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea and the Canary Islands off the North African Atlantic coast, two cities Ceuta and Melilla in the North African mainland and several small islands in the Alboran Sea near the Moroccan coast. Its mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean. It is the only European country to have a border with an African country (Morocco) and its African territory accounts for nearly 5% of its population, mostly in the Canary Islands but also in Ceuta and Melilla. Along with France and Morocco, it is one of only three countries to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines.

With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain vector map is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union, after Italy. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid, other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Bilbao and Málaga.

Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Span or Spania. In the Middle Ages, the area was conquered by Germanic tribes and later by the Moors. Spain emerged as a unified country in the 15th century, following the marriage of the Catholic Monarchs and the completion of the centuries-long reconquest, or Reconquista, of the peninsula from the Moors in 1492. In the early modern period, Spain printable map became one of history's first global colonial empires, leaving a vast cultural and linguistic legacy that includes over 500 million Spanish speakers, making Spanish the world's second most spoken first language, after Chinese and before English.

Spain is a democracy organised in the form of a parliamentary government under a constitutional monarchy. It is a middle power and a developed country with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations (UN), the European Union (EU), the Council of Europe (CoE), the Organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and many other international organisations.

Geography of Spain
Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe occupying most (about 85 percent) of the Iberian Peninsula and includes a small exclave inside France called Llívia as well as the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean 108 km (67 mi) off northwest Africa, and five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberanía) on and off the coast of North Africa: Ceuta, Melilla, Islas Chafarinas, Peñón de Alhucemas, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera.

The Spanish mainland is bordered to the south and east almost entirely by the Mediterranean Sea (except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar); to the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. With an area of 504,030 km², Spain is the fourth largest country in Western Europe (behind France) and with an average altitude of 650 m.

Its total area is 504,782 km2 (194,897 sq mi) of which 499,542 km2 (192,874 sq mi) is land and 5,240 km2 (2,023 sq mi) is water. Spain lies between latitudes 36° and 44° N, and longitudes 19° W and 5° E. Its Atlantic coast is 710 km (441 mi) long. The Pyrenees mountain range, extends 435 km (270 mi) from the Mediterranean to the Bay of Biscay. In the extreme south of Spain editable map lie the Straits of Gibraltar, which separate the Iberian peninsula and the rest of Europe from Ceuta and Morocco in north Africa; at its narrowest extent, Spain and Morocco are separated by only 13 km (8.1 mi).

External boundaries and landform regions
Spain's exclaves in north Africa
Map of Spain
Hypsometric curve of Spain

Most of Spain's boundaries are water: the Mediterranean Sea on the south to the French border and the Atlantic Ocean on the northwest and southwest (in the south as the Golfo de Cádiz and in the north as the Bay of Biscay). Spain also shares land boundaries with France and Andorra along the Pyrenees in the northeast, with Portugal on the west, and with the small British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar near the southernmost tip. The affiliation of Gibraltar has continued to be a contentious issue between Spain and Britain. The sovereignty of the plazas de soberanía on the Mediterranean coast of Morocco is disputed by Morocco.

Spain also has a small exclave inside France called Llívia.

The majority of Spain's peninsular region consists of the Meseta Central, a highland plateau rimmed and dissected by mountain ranges. Other landforms include narrow coastal plains and some lowland river valleys, the most prominent of which is the Andalusian Plain in the southwest. The country can be divided into ten natural regions or subregions: the dominant Meseta Central, the Cantabrian Mountains (Cordillera Cantabrica) and the northwest region, the Ibérico region, the Pyrenees, the Penibético region in the southeast, the Andalusian Plain, the Ebro Basin, the coastal plains, the Balearic Islands, and the Canary Islands. These are commonly grouped into four types: the Meseta Central and associated mountains, other mountainous regions, lowland regions, and islands.
The Inner Plateau and associated mountains

The Meseta Central ("Inner Plateau") is a vast plateau in the heart of peninsular Spain, which has elevations that range from 610 to 760 m. Rimmed by mountains, the Meseta Central slopes gently to the west and to the series of rivers that form some of the border with Portugal. The Sistema Central, described as the "dorsal spine" of the Meseta Central, divides the Meseta into northern and southern subregions, the former higher in elevation and smaller in area than the latter. The Sistema Central rims the capital city of Madrid with peaks that rise to 2,400 m north of the city and to lower elevations south of it. West of Madrid, the Sistema Central shows its highest peak, Pico Almanzor, of 2,592 m. The mountains of the Sistema Central, which continue westward into Portugal, display some glacial features; the highest of the peaks are snow-capped for most of the year. Despite their height, however, the mountain system does not create a major barrier between the northern and the southern portions of the Meseta Central because several passes permit road and railroad transportation to the northwest and the northeast.

The southern portion of the Meseta (Spanish: Submeseta Sur) is further divided by twin mountain ranges, the Montes de Toledo running to the east with the Sierra de Guadalupe, to the west. Their peaks do not rise much higher than 1,500 m. With many easy passes, including those that connect the Meseta with the Andalusian Plain, the Montes de Toledo do not present an obstacle to transportation and communication. This chain of lower mountain ranges is separated from the Sistema Central to the north by the longest river in the Iberian Peninsula: the Tagus River.
The Picos de Europa in Northern Spain

The mountain regions that rim the Meseta Central and are associated with it are the Sierra Morena, the Cordillera Cantábrica, and the Sistema Ibérico. Forming the southern edge of the Meseta Central, the Sierra Morena merges in the east with the southern extension of the Sistema Iberico and reaches westward along the northern edge of the Rio Guadalquivir valley to join the mountains in southern Portugal. The massif of the Sierra Morena extends northward to the Río Guadiana, which separates it from the Sistema Central. Despite their relatively low elevations, seldom surpassing 1,300 m, the mountains of the Sierra Morena are rugged at their southern edge.

The Cordillera Cantábrica, a limestone formation, runs parallel to, and close to, the northern coast near the Bay of Biscay. Its highest points are the Picos de Europa, surpassing 2,600 m. The Cordillera Cantábrica extends 182 km and abruptly drops 1,500 m some 30 km from the coast. To the west lie the hills of the northwest region and to the east the Basque mountains that link them to the Pyrenees.

The Sistema Ibérico extends from the Cordillera Cantábrica southeastward and, close to the Mediterranean, spreads out from the Río Ebro to the Río Júcar. The barren, rugged slopes of this mountain range cover an area of close to 21,000 square kilometers. The mountains exceed 2,000 m in their northern region and reach a maximum height of over 2,300 m east of the headwaters of the Rio Duero. The extremely steep mountain slopes in this range are often cut by deep, narrow gorges.
Other mountainous regions

External to the Meseta Central lie the Pyrenees in the northeast and the Sistema Penibético in the southeast. The Pyrenees, extending from the eastern edge of the Cordillera Cantábrica to the Mediterranean Sea, form a solid barrier that separates Spain, France and Andorra and has acted as a natural border throughout history, which has effectively isolated the countries from each other. Passage is easy in the relatively low terrain at the eastern and western extremes of the mountain range; it is here that international railroads and roadways cross the border. In the central section of the Pyrenees, however, passage is difficult. In several places, peaks rise above 3,000 m; the highest, Pico de Aneto, surpasses 3,400 m.

The Sistema Penibético extends northeast from the southern tip of Spain, running parallel to the coast until it merges with the southern extension of the Sistema Ibérico near the Rio Júcar and with the eastern extension of the Sierra Morena. The Sierra Nevada, part of the Sistema Penibético south of Granada, includes the highest mountain on the peninsula and continental Spain, Mulhacén, which rises to 3,479 m. Other peaks in the range also surpass 3,000 m.
Lowland regions

The major lowland regions are the Andalusian Plain in the southwest, the Ebro Basin in the northeast, and the coastal plains. The Andalusian Plain is essentially a wide river valley through which the Río Guadalquivir flows. The river broadens out along its course, reaching its widest point at the Golfo de Cadiz. The Andalusian Plain is bounded on the north by the Sierra Morena and on the south by the Sistema Penibético; it to an apex in the east where these two mountain chains meet. The Ebro Basin is formed by the Río Ebro valley, contained by mountains on three sides—the Sistema Ibérico to the south and west, the Pyrenees to the north and east, and their coastal extensions paralleling the shore to the east. Minor low-lying river valleys close to the Portuguese border are located on the Tagus and the Río Guadiana.

The Coastal Plains regions are narrow strips between the coastal mountains and the seas. They are broadest along the Golfo de Cádiz, where the coastal plain adjoins the Andalusian Plain, and along the southern and central eastern coasts. The narrowest coastal plain runs along the Bay of Biscay, where the Cordillera Cantábrica ends close to shore.
Teide, the highest mountain in Spain (Tenerife, Canary Islands)
The islands

The remaining regions of Spain are the Balearic and the Canary Islands, the former located in the Mediterranean Sea and the latter in the Atlantic Ocean. The Balearic Islands, encompassing a total area of 5,000 square kilometers, lie 80 kilometers off Spain's central eastern coast. The mountains that rise up above the Mediterranean Sea to form these islands are an extension of the Sistema Penibetico. The archipelago's highest points, which reach 1,400 meters, are in northwestern Mallorca, close to the coast. The central portion of Majorca is a plain, bounded on the east and the southeast by broken hills.

The Canary Islands, ninety kilometers off the west coast of Africa, are of volcanic origin. The large central islands, Tenerife and Gran Canaria, have the highest peaks. Pico de Las Nieves, on Gran Canaria, rises to 1,949 meters, and the Teide, on Tenerife, to 3,718 meters. Teide, a dormant volcano, is the highest peak of Spain and the third largest volcano in the world from its base.
Drainage, floods and water stress
See also: List of rivers of Spain
River basins of continental Spain

Of the roughly 1,800 rivers and streams in Spain, only the Tagus is more than 960 kilometers long; all but 90 extend less than 96 kilometers. These shorter rivers carry small volumes of water on an irregular basis, and they have seasonally dry river beds; however, when they do flow, they often are swift and torrential. Most major rivers rise in the mountains rimming or dissecting the Meseta Central and flow westward across the plateau through Portugal to empty into the Atlantic Ocean. One significant exception is the river with the most abundant flow in Spain, the Ebro, which flows eastward to the Mediterranean. Rivers in the extreme northwest and in the narrow northern coastal plain drain directly into the Atlantic Ocean. The northwestern coastline is also truncated by rias, waterbodies similar to fjords.[citation needed]

The major rivers flowing westward through the Meseta Central include the Duero, the Tagus, the Guadiana, and the Guadalquivir. The Rio Guadalquivir is one of the most significant rivers in Spain because it irrigates a fertile valley, thus creating a rich agricultural area, and because it is navigable inland, making Seville the only inland river port for ocean-going traffic in Spain. The major river in the northwest region is the Miño.[citation needed]

El Atazar Dam is a major dam built near Madrid to provide a water supply

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Geografía de España
Spain-CIA WFB Map.png
Continente Europa,y África
Región Europa mediterránea (Península Ibérica), Norte de África
Área
Total 504.782 km2
Tierra 499.542 km²
Agua 5.240 km²
Fronteras
Territorial 1.917,8 km
• Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal 1.214 km
• Flag of France.svg Francia 623 km
• Flag of Andorra.svg Andorra 63,7 km
• Bandera de Marruecos Marruecos 9,6 km (Melilla)
6,3 km (Ceuta)
• Bandera de Reino Unido Reino Unido 1,2 km (Gibraltar)
Extremos de elevación
Elevación mínima Se alcanzan los -1 m en los arrozales de La Séquia Nova, en Alfafar, Albufera de Valencia. Sin embargo, las grandes canteras a cielo abierto, abandonadas, de Reocín (Cantabria) y Abanto y Ciérvana (Vizcaya) alcanzan los -72 m y los -28 m respectivamente (datos del Instituto Geográfico Nacional de España mapa en vectores comprobados en su Mapa Topográfico Nacional). La vieja cantera de Reocín es considerada, de hecho, como el actual punto más bajo de Europa
Elevación máxima 3.718 m (Teide)
[editar datos en Wikidata]

España (nombre oficial: "Reino de España") es un país transcontinental situado en el sur-oeste de Europa y en el norte de África. Además de ocupar la mayor parte de la Península Ibérica, España está formada por dos archipiélagos (el de las Islas Canarias en el océano Atlántico y el de las Islas Baleares en el mar Mediterráneo) y dos ciudades autónomas (Ceuta y Melilla) en el norte de África, aparte de varias islas menores en esta zona y otras cercanas a la península, como el Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, el Peñón de Alhucemas, las Islas Chafarinas y la Isla del Perejil. España limita al oeste con el océano Atlántico y Portugal; al norte con el mar Cantábrico, al noreste con Francia y Andorra, al otro lado de la cordillera de los Pirineos; al este con el mar Mediterráneo y al sur con Marruecos, en las fronteras de Ceuta y de Melilla, en el continente africano.

Geografía física de España

Se encuentra en dos continentes en Europa y África y entre dos áreas de influencia, la del Mediterráneo y la del Atlántico que dará lugar a una importante variedad:

Relieve: se manifiestan todos los ciclos orogénicos y de sedimentación que se han dado a lo largo de la historia por lo que se manifiestan los materiales y formas propias de cada ciclo orogénico.
Clima: deriva de su situación peninsular que estaría expuesta a masas de aire frío y caliente, el predominio de cada una de ellas dará un tipo climático, en el norte habrá un clima oceánico (más frío y húmedo) propiciado por las borrascas y mediterráneo en el meridional dando un clima seco y cálido.
Vegetación: influida por el clima, especies adaptadas a la aridez (xerófilas) comunes en el sur de España, adaptadas a la humedad (hidrófilas) en el norte.
Humana: poblaciones que han hecho incursiones en España mapa imprimible como romanos o los musulmanes con mejoras en el cultivo. La confluencia de estos pueblos es lo que ha determinado la cultura y valores humanos.

Hitos geográficos

Punto más septentrional: Estaca de Bares, Mañón, La Coruña.
Punto más meridional: La Restinga, El Pinar de El Hierro, Isla de El Hierro, Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
Punto más occidental: Punta de la Orchilla, Frontera y El Pinar, Isla de El Hierro, Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
Punto más oriental: Punta de La Mola, Mahón, Baleares

Relieve
Artículo principal: Relieve de España
Relieve de España peninsular y Baleares.

El relieve de la Península Ibérica se articula alrededor de una gran unidad central, la Meseta Central, de elevada altitud media (650 m).

La Meseta Central está casi totalmente rodeada de sistemas montañosos:

Cordillera Cantábrica, al norte.
Cordillera Ibérica, al este.
Sierra Morena, al sur.

Costas de España
Artículo principal: Costas de España
En la vista desde el satélite de la Península Ibérica se aprecia que la mayor parte de su costa es abierta y rectilínea.

La parte peninsular de España mapa pdf posee unos 3.167 km de costa. A los que habría que añadir los 956 del litoral portugués, para completar el litoral peninsular. En este trazado, si prescindimos de la costa bastante articulada de Galicia, y a pesar de los óvalos mediterráneos, no hay grandes entrantes ni recovecos.

Ya los antiguos observaron la diferente tonalidad de las aguas costeras, en el mar Mediterráneo, azul intenso: en el océano Atlántico, verde; pero la oposición también se da en la forma de la costa: por una parte en el Atlántico predomina la línea recta, la marea amplia, hay largos sectores de ríos y cañones submarinos. En el mediterráneo, los arcos sustituyen a las líneas rectas, no hay mareas apreciables, solo algunas rías o calas, pero muchos deltas y largas playas.

El cabo de San Vicente puede considerarse como el punto de separación de una forma de costa y otra, incluyendo el golfo de Cádiz en las mediterráneas por sus especiales características más próximas a estas que a las atlánticas.

En el Cantábrico, a lo largo de unos 770 km la costa tiene dirección este-oeste, es rectilínea, y su trazado refleja un gran accidente geológico orientado en la misma dirección, la Cordillera Cantábrica. En Galicia describe un giro de 90° y toma la dirección norte-sur, hasta la punta del cabo de San Vicente, en Portugal. Dicha costa es también rectilínea en otros 800 km. A partir de aquí el contorno litoral es más sinuoso y empiezan los óvalos mediterráneos o grandes arcos que se inician con el golfo de Cádiz, sigue el óvalo del mar de Alborán, aquí la costa tuerce hacia el nordeste y dibuja otros dos óvalos muy abiertos entre los cabos de Gata y Palos y entre este y el de la Nao y finalmente el dilatado y abierto golfo de Valencia, que podemos considerar que termina con el saliente del delta del Ebro. A partir de aquí la costa vuelve a ser bastante rectilínea y corre casi paralela a la Cadena Costera Catalana hasta el cabo de Begur, en donde se adentra para formar el golfo de Rosas, extendido hasta el cabo de Creus.

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Last Modified: September 13, 2017 @ 3:39 am