Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US, printable vector map street City Plan V.3.08.2016 full editable, Adobe Illustrator, full vector, scalable, editable text format street names, 26 mb ZIP
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Philadelphia is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the fifth-most populous in the United States, with an estimated population in 2014 of 1,560,297.
In the Northeastern United States, at the confluence of the Delaware and Schuylkill rivers, Philadelphia is the economic and cultural anchor of the Delaware Valley, a
metropolitan area home to 7.2 million people and the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States.
In 1682, William Penn founded the city to serve as capital of the Pennsylvania Colony. Philadelphia played an instrumental role in the American Revolution as a meeting
place for the Founding Fathers of the United States, who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and the Constitution in 1787. Philadelphia was one of the nation’s
capitals in the Revolutionary War, and served as temporary U.S. capital while Washington, D.C., was under construction. In the 19th century, Philadelphia became a major industrial center and railroad hub that grew from an influx of European immigrants. It became a prime destination for African-Americans in the Great Migration and surpassed two million occupants by 1950.
Based on the similar shifts underway the nation’s economy in the late 1960s Philadelphia experienced a loss of manufacturing companies and jobs to lower taxed regions of the USA and often overseas. As a result, the economic base of Philadelphia, which had historically been manufacturing, declined significantly. In addition, consolidation
in several American industries (retailing, financial services and health care in particular) reduced the number of companies headquartered in Philadelphia. The economic
impact of these changes would reduce Philadelphia’s tax base and the resources of local government. Philadelphia struggled through a long period of adjustment to these
economic changes, coupled with significant demographic change as wealthier residents moved into the nearby suburbs and more immigrants moved into the city. The city in
fact approached bankruptcy in the late 1980s. Revitalization began in the late 1990s, with gentrification turning around many neighborhoods and reversing its decades-long
trend of population loss.
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The area’s many universities and colleges make Philadelphia a top international study destination, as the city has evolved into an educational and economic hub. With a
gross domestic product of $388 billion, Philadelphia ranks ninth among world cities and fourth in the nation. Philadelphia is the center of economic activity in
Pennsylvania and is home to seven Fortune 1000 companies. The Philadelphia skyline is growing, with several nationally prominent skyscrapers. The city is known for its
arts, culture, and history, attracting over 39 million domestic tourists in 2013. Philadelphia has more outdoor sculptures and murals than any other American city, and
Fairmount Park is the largest landscaped urban park in the world. The 67 National Historic Landmarks in the city helped account for the $10 billion generated by tourism.
Philadelphia is the birthplace of the United States Marine Corps, and is also the home of many U.S. firsts, including the first library (1731), first hospital (1751)
and medical school (1765), first Capitol (1777), first stock exchange (1790), first zoo (1874), and first business school (1881). Philadelphia is the only World
Heritage City in the United States.
• Consolidated city-county 141.6 sq mi (367 km2)
• Land 134.1 sq mi (347.3 km2)
• Water 7.5 sq mi (19.4 km2)
• Urban 1,799.5 sq mi (4,660.5 km2)
• Metro 4,629 sq mi (11,988.6 km2)
Elevation 39 ft (12 m)
• Consolidated city-county 1,567,442
• Rank US: 5th
• Density 11,635.3/sq mi (4,492.4/km2)
• Metro 6,051,170 (US: 6th)
• CSA 7,164,790 (US: 8th)
• Demonym Philadelphian
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
• Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 19092-19093, 19099, 191xx
Area code(s) 215, 267
Philadelphia is at 39° 57? north latitude and 75° 10? west longitude, and the 40th parallel north passes through the northern parts of the city. The city encompasses 142.6
square miles (369.3 km2), of which 135.1 square miles (349.9 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (19.7 km2), or 5.29%, is water. Bodies of water include the Delaware and
Schuylkill rivers, and Cobbs, Wissahickon, and Pennypack creeks.
The lowest point is 10 feet (3 m) above sea level, while the highest point is in Chestnut Hill, about 445 feet (136 m) above sea level (near the intersection of Germantown
Avenue and Bethlehem Pike).
Philadelphia sits on the Fall Line that separates the Atlantic Coastal Plain from the Piedmont. The rapids on the Schuylkill River at East Falls were inundated by the completion of the Fairmount Dam.
The city is the seat of its own county. The adjacent counties are Montgomery to the north; Bucks to the northeast; Burlington County, New Jersey, to the east; Camden
County, New Jersey, to the southeast; Gloucester County, New Jersey, to the south; and Delaware County to the west.
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