Sofia Vector Map Bulgaria, printable City Plan full editable Adobe Illustrator editable Detailed Street Map, text format street names, 10 mb ZIP
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Sofia is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria. The city has a population of 1.26 million, while over 1.5 million people live in its functional urban area. The city is located at the foot of Vitosha Mountain in the western part of the country, within less than 50 kilometres (31 mi) drive from the Serbian border. Its location in the centre of the Balkan peninsula means that it is the midway between the Black Sea and the Adriatic Sea, whereas the Aegean Sea is the closest to it. Sofia has been an area of human habitation since at least 7000 BC. Being Bulgaria’s primate city, Sofia is a hometown of many of the major local universities, cultural institutions and commercial companies. Sofia is one of the top 10 best places for start-up business in the world, especially in IT technologies. Sofia is Europe’s most affordable capital to visit as of 2013.
• City 492 km2 (190 sq mi)
• Urban 1,344 km2 (519 sq mi)
• Metro 10,532 km2 (4,066 sq mi)
Elevation 500–800 m (1,707–2,888 ft)
• City Increase 1,260,120
• Urban Increase 1,543,377
• Metro Increase 1,681,666
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 1000
Area code(s) (+359) 02
Car plate prefix С, СА, СВ
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Sofia has an area of 492 km2, while Sofia City Province has an area of 1344 km2. Sofia’s development as a significant settlement owes much to its central position in the Balkans. It is situated in western Bulgaria, at the northern foot of the Vitosha mountain, in the Sofia Valley that is surrounded by the Balkan mountains to the north. The valley has an average altitude of 550 metres (1,800 ft). Unlike most European capitals, Sofia does not have any large rivers or bridges, but is surrounded by comparatively high mountains on all sides. Three mountain passes lead to the city, which have been key roads since antiquity, Vitosha being the watershed between Black and Aegean Seas. A number of low rivers cross the city, including the Vladayska and the Perlovska. The Iskar River in its upper course flows near eastern Sofia. The city is known for its 49 mineral and thermal springs. Artificial and dam lakes were built in the twentieth century. The 1818 Sofia earthquake was a 6.0–7.2 Medvedev–
Sponheuer–Karnik Scale earthquake, the 1858 earthquake was an 6,6 same scale earthquake though reaching up to 10 in parts such as Boyana, this was followed by a 7–8 MSK Sofia earthquake in 1917 and finally by the 2012 Pernik earthquake which was a 5.6 Mw (or 5.8 ML) magnitude earthquake. The 2014 Aegean Sea earthquake was also noticed in the city. Air pollution is a problem in Sofia due to its location in the Sofia valley, which is surrounded by mountains that reduce the ability of the air to self-clean. The air is polluted mostly by particulate matters and nitrogen oxides. Sofia has the most polluted air of any capital in the EU.
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