Earth Observations Chief Scientist (NASA), Environmental Affairs Corporate Director, Geographic Information Systems Analyst (GIS Analyst), Geographic Information Systems Program Director (GIS Program Director) Study the nature and use of areas of the Earth’s surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants, and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global. Create and modify maps, graphs, or diagrams, using geographical information software and related equipment, and principles of cartography such as coordinate systems, longitude, latitude, elevation, topography, and map scales. Gather and compile geographic data from sources including censuses, field observations, satellite imagery, aerial photographs, and existing maps. Source.