San Francisco is a large city in the Western part of America, located in the state of California, on the Pacific ocean. The number of residents of San Francisco exceeds 815 thousand people, it is the fourth most populous city in the state and the 12th in the United States. The city is located on a relatively small area of 121 square kilometers, and, as a result, is very densely populated – in terms of population density, it occupies the second place in the United States. It is the cultural and financial center of the San Francisco Bay agglomeration, an important seaport, and an industrial city.
Pearl of the West coast
The city of San Francisco has long been considered one of the most beautiful places in the United States. Due to its geographical location, natural features, and rich history, the city is famous as a contrasting, diverse and very colorful. The legendary symbol of the American West, the brainchild of the “gold rush” period, San Francisco attracts tourists from all over the world. Americans themselves often call the city the “pearl of the West Coast”.
San Francisco is located on a small Peninsula between the Bay of the same name and the Pacific ocean, connected to each other by the Golden Gate Strait. Numerous hills on which the city is located, ocean winds and frequent fogs have become in some way his “calling card”. By the way, the hills of different heights in the city there are about 50, and the most popular among tourists are the Twin Peaks hills – it offers a magnificent view of the Bay and the city.
Since the California gold rush, the city has secured the status of the financial and industrial center of the region. Today, there are many research centers and industries associated with high technology, genetic engineering, and medical electronics, so the city continues to play an important role in the economic life of the country. In addition, due to its convenient location, San Francisco serves about 30% of the trade of the entire West Coast of the country.
The History Of San Francisco
Initially, the territory of modern San Francisco was inhabited by Indians, European colonists came here in 1769. Seven years later, the Spaniards founded the mission of St. Francis of Assisi, around which a small settlement was formed.
After the Declaration of independence of Mexico from Spain, the territory of modern California became Mexican, and the new city was named Herba Buena, which translated from Spanish means “good grass”. However, Mexico soon lost the war with America, and in 1848 the territory of California became the possession of the United States. The city is officially renamed San Francisco and begins an active expansion of the surrounding areas for construction.
Perhaps the key role in the history of San Francisco was played by the California gold rush, which began in 1848. In just one year, the city’s population increased from 1,000 to 25,000. The urban infrastructure was not ready for such an influx of people, health problems, crime, and housing began.
Another turning point in the history of San Francisco was the strongest earthquake of 1906, which, combined with the fires that began, almost completely destroyed the city. After that, the era of rapid reconstruction and development began, and gradually San Francisco acquired a modern look.
The population of San Francisco is about 815 thousand people, while the city ranks second in the country in terms of population density after New York. More than 40% of residents have higher education, which makes competition in the labor market very significant. The average income here is quite high, and because of the high prices of housing and food, the cost of living in San Francisco is quite high.
The city is known worldwide for its tolerance for people with non-traditional sexual orientation. According to statistics, about 15% of the population of San Francisco belongs to the gay community – this is the highest rate in the world.
Public transport in San Francisco is very popular among residents – up to 35% of the population use its services daily. It is believed that the public transport network of the city is the best on the West Coast, it includes ground and underground high-speed trams, buses, trolleybuses, a network of suburban trains, as well as a ferry and the famous historic cable car.
The cars “light metro” (high-speed trams) or buses in San Francisco is often crowded, but it is perhaps the best travel around the city for tourists. In any case, it is not recommended to rent a car – endless traffic jams, narrow streets and expensive Parking is unlikely to bring a lot of fun.
The main attraction of San Francisco, its hallmark is the Golden Gate Bridge – one of the largest suspension bridges in the World. The length of the bridge is a little less than 2 kilometers, the height above the water level is 67 meters.
Also very popular is Golden Gate Park – a beautiful oasis of greenery among the big city, stretching for five kilometers in length and rests on the ocean beach. This beach, incidentally, runs along one of the Park, symbolically called the “land” (Lands End). This place – the most extreme point of continental land in the direction of rotation of our planet, here in the last place comes the New Year.
On one of the Islands near San Francisco is the famous prison Alcatraz, familiar to many in the film “Rock”. In the past, this is one of the most severe prisons for especially dangerous criminals, only a few managed to escape from here. Today, the prison is not used for its intended purpose and turned into a Museum, you can get here from San Francisco by ferry from pier 33.