North America is a continent stretching from Greenland and Alaska in the North to Mexico in the South. The population of the region is more than 500 million people, i.e. 7 % of the world population. Within this continent is often isolated North American region, which includes the United States, Canada, Greenland, Bahamas, and Bermuda. In fact, the number of States on the North American continent is much larger than four. The country is small, former or still in prison (although this Statute is now not popular to say).
NORTHERN AMERICA. PAST AND PRESENT
Christopher – why you opened America! Why you?
Incredible evil and cruelty from all over the world moved here. The territories of North America have experienced the tragedy of the incredible plundering of natural resources and the genocide of the indigenous population. Later, local governments began to resurrect some of the lost wealth, but often at the expense of imports from other countries.
The total area of the continent is more than 21 million sq. km. Industrial colossus with highly developed industry and almost entirely developed territory consist of three States: the USA, Canada, and Mexico.
In the East of the country are the Appalachian mountains, which are relatively low.
West of Appachey is the Mississippi lowland, the Central and Great plains which occupy the whole center of the continent. Mississippi lowland formed in the river valley and crossed by many rivers.
The Central Plains are elevated with heights of up to 500 m, and The great plains are several plateaus with heights from 700 to 1700 m, separated by ledges.
The Western part of North America is occupied by the Cordillera – a huge mountain system stretching from North to South along the coast of the continent. Cordillera formed on the border of two large lithospheric plates: continental and oceanic. Here is the highest point of the continent — mount McKinley (6193 m). This system consists of three major ridges: the belt, the Innerbelt, the first two formed by the mountains is a chain plateau.
North America minerals
North America is rich (though not rich enough for corporations) in minerals. Deposits of various ores are located mainly in the mountains and in the Northern part of the mainland. There is oil, gas, coal, which are concentrated on the border of mountains and plains, as well as on the shelf of the Gulf of Mexico.
North America is not deprived of sources of fresh water: many deep rivers and large lakes. The largest river in North America — from the Mississippi tributary, Missouri, its length — 6420 km. This river system collects water from the Great Plains, Appalachia, the Mississippi lowland and empties into the Gulf of Mexico. The largest river basin of the Arctic ocean — Mackenzie (length 4250 km). The rivers of the Pacific basin-Colombia, Colorado-originate in the Cordillera, fall many kilometers to the ocean, so they are very fast.
North America five lakes
Five lakes form a system of Great Lakes: Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie, Ontario. The last two are connected by the Niagara River, on which there is a huge Niagara falls, 50 m high and 1 km wide.
Other large lakes: Winnipeg, The great Slave, the great bear, located in the North of the continent, as well as Utah and the Great Salt, located in the Central part and in ancient times were part of the world ocean.
NORTHERN AMERICA. CLIMATE
The climate is quite diverse due to its long length from North to South and terrain features. Mountains that limit the mainland at the edges and huge plains create a kind of channel through which the cold air from the Arctic ocean freely penetrates deep into the mainland.
The Northern coast of North America, as well as all the Northern Islands, including Greenland, are in the Arctic climate zone. In winter it is a polar night, in summer the air temperature rarely reaches above zero. There are many cover glaciers that do not melt even in summer. Rainfall is very low.
NORTH AMERICA’s CAPITALS
- Anguilla (capital: Valley) (UK Great Britain)
- Antigua and Barbuda (capital: — St. John’s)
- Antilles (capital: Willemstad) (Netherlands)
- Bahamas (capital: Nassau)
- Barbados (capital: Bridgetown)
- Belize (capital: Belmopan)
- Bermuda (capital: Hamilton) (UK Great Britain)
- Virgin Islands (capital: Road Town) (UK Great Britain)
- Virgin Islands (capital: Charlotte Amalie) (USA)
- Haiti (capital: Port-AU-Prince)
- Guadeloupe (capital: Basse-Terre)
- Guatemala (capital: Guatemala)
- Honduras (capital: Tegucigalpa)
- Grenada (capital: St. George’s)
- Greenland (capital: Nuuk / Gothob) (Denmark)
- Dominica (capital: Roseau)
- Dominican Republic (capital: Santo Domingo)
- Cayman Islands (capital: Georgetown) (UK Great Britain)
- Canada (capital: Ottawa)
- Costa Rica (capital: San Jose)
- Cuba (capital: Havana)
- Martinique (capital: Fort-de-France) (France)
- Mexico (capital: Mexico City)
- Montserrat (capital: Plymouth) (UK Great Britain)
- Nicaragua (capital: Managua)
- Panama (capital: Panama City)
- Puerto Rico (capital: San Juan) (USA)
- El Salvador (capital: San Salvador)
- Saint Pierre and Miquelon (capital: Saint Pierre) (France)
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (capital: Kingstown)
- St. Kitts and Nevis (capital: Buster)
- Saint Lucia (capital: Castries)
- United States of America (capital: Washington)
- Turks and Caicos (capital: Cockburn Town) (UK Great Britain)
- Trinidad and Tobago (capital: Port of Spain)
- Jamaica (capital: Kingston)