South America is a region in our classification and a continent geographically. Located in the southern hemisphere. South America is washed by the Pacific Ocean in the West and the Atlantic ocean in the East. It is bordered to the North by the Caribbean sea basin and to the South by the Strait of Magellan. The border between North and South America is the isthmus of Panama.
The predominant part of the continent (5/6 of the area) is in the southern hemisphere. South America has the largest width in Equatorial and tropical latitudes. This continent is the Western part of the once existing supercontinent Gondwana.
South America is the fourth largest and fifth most populous continent on earth. Area of Islands – 18.3 million sq km In South America also includes the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego, the Chilean Islands, and the Galapagos.
NATURE AND PEOPLE
There are few lakes in South America. The exceptions are the oxbow lakes and mountain lakes in the Andes. On the same continent is the largest Alpine lake in the world — Titicaca, in the North there is a large lake-Maracaibo lagoon.
In General, South America has many more native Americans than the North. In Paraguay, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, they even make up about half of the total population.
Arriving from Europe, the population gradually mixed with the indigenous peoples of the continent. Spanish and Portuguese conquerors came here without families, they married Indian women. That’s when the mestizos began to appear. Now almost no “pure” representatives of the European race, all have impurities of Indian or Negro blood.
SOUTHERN AMERICA. THE CLIMATE AND NATURE
The most significant mountain formation is the Andes mountains. They stretch along the West of the continent. The nature of South America is all diverse, as its length from North to South. There are high mountains, forests, plains and deserts. The highest point is mount Aconcagua, with a height of 6960 m. the largest rivers of South America:
The climate on this continent is subequatorial and tropical, subtropical and temperate in the South, and Equatorial and constantly humid in the Amazon.
On the modern map of the continent of South America, there are 12 independent States. In terms of area and economic power, Brazil remains the undisputed leader. The second largest state is Argentina, which is located in the South of the continent.
Chile occupies a narrow and long territory in this region. It is basically a mountainous country, on the territory of which there are mountain ranges of the Andes.
In the North of the continent is Venezuela, as well as small and little-known States of Guyana and Suriname.
On the Atlantic coast is a small piece of the colonial past-the French territory of Guyana.
There are two countries on the continent that have no access to the ocean. Their territory is completely covered with forests. It’s Bolivia and Paraguay.