Western Europe – the so-called group of European States, United by certain political, cultural and geographical features. During the Cold war, the division was established on the basis of participation in the NATO bloc.
After the collapse of the Warsaw Pact, a new division of countries was established. The region of Western Europe now includes Belgium, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, and France according to one source, the other includes as many as 26 countries.
The countries of Western Europe are United not only by geographical location but also by close economic and political ties. According to the form of government, about half of the countries are still monarchies, the rest are republics.
Western Europe occupies the Western part of the Eurasian continent, washed mainly by the Atlantic ocean and only in the North of the Scandinavian Peninsula — the waters of the Arctic ocean. For all the “mosaic” relief of the territory of Western Europe, the borders between individual countries, as well as the border separating Western Europe and Eastern Europe, passes mainly through such natural boundaries that do not create serious obstacles to transport links.
The economic and geopolitical situation of the region is very favorable. This is due to the fact that,
first, the countries of the subregion are either landlocked or located at a short distance (no more than 480 km), which contributes to the development of economic ties.
secondly, the neighborly position of these countries towards each other is very important.
thirdly, the natural conditions of the region as a whole are favorable for the development of both industry and agriculture.
NATURAL CONDITIONS AND RESOURCES
The territory of Western Europe lies within the tectonic structures of different ages: Precambrian, Caledonian, Hercynian, and the youngest — Cenozoic. As a result of the complex geological history of the formation of Europe within the subregion, four large orographic zones were formed, successively replacing each other in the direction from North to South (the plateaus and hills of Fennoscandia, The Central European plain, the Midlands of Central Europe and the Alpine highlands and Midlands occupying its southern part). Accordingly, the composition of minerals in the Northern (platform) and southern (folded) parts of the region differs significantly.
The region plays a very prominent role in the world economy and world politics, it has become one of the centers of world civilization, the birthplace of the great geographical discoveries, the industrial revolution, urban agglomerations. Western Europe is a dynamic region of the world economy, characterized by the specifics of international economic relations.
Hydropower resources in Western Europe are quite large but concentrated mainly in the Alps, the Scandinavian and the Dinaric mountains.
In the past, Western Europe was almost entirely covered by a variety of forests: taiga, mixed, deciduous and subtropical forests. But the centuries-old economic use of the territory has led to the fact that the natural forests are reduced, in their place in some countries grew secondary forests. Sweden and Finland, where typical forest landscapes predominate, have the greatest natural prerequisites for forest management.
Western Europe. POPULATION
In General, Western Europe (as well as Eastern Europe) is characterized by a complex and unfavorable demographic situation. First, it is explained by the low birth rate and correspondingly low level of natural growth. The lowest birth rate in Greece, Spain, Italy, Germany (up to 10% o). In Germany, there is even a decline in the population. At the same time, the age composition of the population is changing towards a decrease in the proportion of children and an increase in the proportion of the elderly. New to Europe is the influx of so-called refugees from Syria, Iraq and other countries covered by ISIS.
Prior to this, the national composition of the population was quite homogeneous, since the vast majority of the 62 peoples of the region belong to the Indo-European language family.
In all countries of Western Europe, the dominant religion is Christianity.
Western Europe is one of the most densely populated regions in the world, the location of the population is primarily determined by the geography of cities. Level of urbanization 70-90%