8. The maximum distance away from the sun occurs each year in July and its position is called ______. 35. Until about a century ago, most major nations had their own separate prime meridians for mapping purposes. 43. The apparent motion of the sun, moon, and stars is actually an illusion created by the easterly spin of the earth. 46. Of seconds, degrees, and minutes of latitude, minutes are associated with the shortest distances. 55. The phase of the moon which occurs about a week after the moon is completely dark is known as the __________. 59. The most famous and, undoubtedly, most widely of all the map projections is the ______. a) gnomonic b) Mercator’s c) polyconic d) sinusoidal e) Mollweide’s 61. The relationship between the map distance and the corresponding distance on the ground is known as the _______. 63. The characteristic of projections which portray accurate sizes but distort the shapes of land masses is called ______. 65. Which of the following is considered a ‘perfect’ map projection in terms of the amount of distortion associated with it? 75. In the Mercator projection, which piece of the Earth is portrayed ridiculously large in comparison to its actual size? 79. Maps are inherently inaccurate because of their attempt to depict the curved earth on a flat surface. 82. With a light bulb and paper, a Mercator projection is made by projecting the grid of the globe onto a(n) ______ made from the paper. Source.