Important User Information: Remote access to EBSCO's databases is permitted to patrons of subscribing institutions accessing from remote locations for personal, non-commercial use. However, remote access to EBSCO's databases from non-subscribing institutions is not allowed if the purpose of the use is for commercial gain through cost reduction or avoidance for a non-subscribing institution. At what levels of brain organization might pathological change in schizophrenia be anatomically expressed: global, regional or supra-regional? We hypothesized that brain structure reflects a set of supra-regional anatomical systems with common developmental influences. We conducted an exploratory analysis to identify supra-regional brain systems and to investigate whether abnormal brain architecture in schizophrenia is manifested within one or more of these systems. Magnetic resonance (MR) images were acquired from 27 patients with schizophrenia and 37 control subjects. After segmentation and registration of each individual MRI dataset in the standard space of Talairach and Tournoux, grey matter and ventricular-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) maps were automatically parcellated into 104 regions. We used principal components analysis of the multiple regional grey matter and ventricular-CSF measurements, on all 64 subjects, to extract the five main normative supra-regional systems. The first two of these components represented global variation in grey matter and ventricular-CSF regional measures. We interpreted the other three components as representing supra-regional systems comprising: a frontal-parietal system, a frontal-temporal system and a frontal-basal ganglia system. Schizophrenic group mean scores on the first component (global grey matter-ventricular contrast) and fourth component (frontal-temporal system) were significantly reduced compared to controls. These results suggest that pathological changes in schizophrenia may be expressed at two mutually independent levels of anatomical organization: global change in a grey matter/ventricular system and supra-regional change in a frontal-temporal system. Copyright of Cerebral Cortex is the property of Oxford University Press / USA and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. For access to this entire article and additional high quality information, please check with your college/university library, local public library, or affiliated institution. Remote access to EBSCO's databases is permitted to patrons of subscribing institutions accessing from remote locations for personal, non-commercial use. However, remote access to EBSCO's databases from non-subscribing institutions is not allowed if the purpose of the use is for commercial gain through cost reduction or avoidance for a non-subscribing institution. Source.