Become a member and get unlimited access to the entire skills library of over 4,500 courses, including more Developer and personalized recommendations. Become a member and get unlimited access to the entire skills library of over 4,500 courses, including more Developer and personalized recommendations. Whenever you make a map, you're abstracting information about the real world and placing it on to a flat plane such as a computer screen or a piece of paper. Since the planet earth isn't flat, some distortions of the data will inevitably occur during the transformation process. These show up as distortions of area, shape, direction, distance, and scale. Various map projections try to minimize the distortions, but no projection can eliminate all distortions at once. Coordinate systems, on the other hand, are how we locate a point on the Earth. Typically, we think of the latitude and longitude values of a GPS receiver as being the coordinates of a place. But it's only been in the last few years that GPS coordinates have been so easy to obtain. There are many other ways to locate a point. The state plane coordinate system, for example, was designed to make surveying easier. Measuring the number of feet north and east of a standard location that was used state wide. An in-depth review of the math behind the... This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course. Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of online learning video courses—and create as many playlists as you like. “In a way, I feel like you are rooting for me. Like you are really invested in my experience, and want me to get as much out of these courses as possible this is the best place to start on your journey to learning new material.”— Nadine H. Source.